Calligraphy is the art of divine writing inspired from divine thought. Harmonious arrangement of horizontal and vertical, fluid shapes of Arabic alphabets on objects of great beauty is the essence of Calligraphy, as demonstrated in the Taj Mahal and the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem.

Developed over centuries, the art form requires an abundance of talent, since rules, if any, are subjective to beauty of the form alone. Physical and intellectual control over the quill is supreme. The calligraphers allow the letters to wind, curve, and twine around each other. With firm yet fine strokes the ends of the letter are graciously curved to form human and animal forms of awesome beauty.

The introduction of paper further revolutionised calligraphy. Literary works, illustrated histories, chronicles of dynasties and heroics of Emperors were commissioned in calligraphic script. Calligraphic styles like Nastalik, Tughra and Naskhi were used for writing Persian poetry and verse. which became popular in Iran and India. It introduced a unique thread of unity in the Islamic culture.

Along with calligraphy, the writing instrument or 'qalam' also holds an important place in the lives of calligraphic artists. It is cherished and at times even handed down from generation to generation. Other times, it is buried with the calligrapher when he dies. A 'qalam' served as ready similes for mortal lives and considered among the very first divine creations. With its power to preserve knowledge, it transcended thought over time and space.


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  © 2011 MIRAJ Islamic Art Centre, Dubai, U.A.E.